If the abode is a hotel, guest house, or other place that regularly rents the property on a daily basis, the manager of the property will usually file the form using Immigration's online reporting system.
If the abode is a house, condominium, apartment, etc., normally the TM.30 is required to be filed by the property owner.
However, the renter is also considered by Immigration to be the "possessor" of the property. The foreigner should determine if the property owner/manager has filed the Form TM.30. If not, then the foreigner should complete the form and file it with the Thai Immigration Office serving the geographical location of the property.
To use the online system for filing, the property owner will need to register with Thai Immigration.
When must the From TM.30 be filed and what is the penalty for not filing?
If the foreigner stays overnight, Thai Immigration law requires the address be reported within 24 hours of the arrival. If arrival is on the week end or holiday when Immigration Offices are closed, it should be filed the next business day it is open.
The Thailand Hotel Act covers the penalty for businesses licensed under the act.
For others, the Immigration Office may impose a fine, which will vary depending on the Immigration Office's policy - usually based on how late the report is made.
(Pattaya) Immigration Office has usually imposed a fine of 1,600 baht
but is known to waive or increase it at the discretion of the Immigration
If I, a foreigner, am the owner of the property or reside in a property owned by my Thai spouse, partner, or my Thai Company, Ltd., must I be reported on a Form TM.30 to Thai Immigration?
You, as a foreigner, you must be reported on Form TM.30 to Thai Immigration as residing at the property whether the property is owned by you, your Thai Company, Ltd., spouse/partner, or their relative. This only needs to be done one time. If you visit elsewhere and return to the same address, no new TM.30 form is required.
How often must the TM.30 Form be filed?
Immigration law provides the report must be filed upon initial residence. If you visit elsewhere within Thailand and return to the same address, a new TM.30 form is not required. If you have a Long Term Permission to stay and travel outside of Thailand and return to the same address, a new TM.30 form is not required. [Chonburi (Pattaya) Immigration is currently requiring a new TM.30 be filed if you travel outside of Thailand even if you return to the previously reported address]
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